Learn To Talk Like A Carny

Feel like brushing up on your circus lingo?  Ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant subculture of the carnival?  Then you, too, could find a use for the…

Ultimate Circus/ Carnival Dictionary


Yes, that’s a link.  On this site, you’ll find well over a hundred pages of relevant terms used in carnivals and circuses in Europe and the US.


Siamese Twin-gerbreads?

Just in time for the holidays!  Look at this!  These tasty cookies are never alone, even if they’re the last one on the plate.

Apparently, making conjoined cookies is a long- standing historical tradition.  One of the earliest documented cases of conjoined twins was that of Mary and Eliza Chulkhurst. They were born in Biddenden, County of Kent, England in the year 1100, and were joined at the hip.

The wealthy sisters, who were known as the Biddenden Maids, lived for 34 years. When they died, they left a small fortune to the Church of England. In honor of their generosity, it was customary for English citizens to bake little biscuits and cakes in the sisters’ images and give them to the poor.

I post the link to these cookie cutters with the understanding that no one who swaps cookies with me is permitted to buy one. 

To purchase a Siamese twin cookie cutter of your very own

The Plague Doctor’s Garb

Indigo may have thought he was just a man in an unpainted Venetian nose mask this Halloween.  But in fact, he was following in the footsteps of Medieval Europe’s finest Plague Doctors.


Considered an early form of hazmat suit, a plague doctor’s clothing consisted of:

•A wide-brimmed black hat worn close to the head. At the time, a wide-brimmed black hat would have been identified a person as a doctor, much the same as how nowadays a hat may identify chefs, soldiers, and workers. The wide-brimmed hat may have also been used as partial shielding from infection.

• A primitive gas mask in the shape of a bird’s beak. A common belief at the time was that the plague was spread by birds. There may have been a belief that by dressing in a bird-like mask, the wearer could draw the plague away from the patient and onto the garment the plague doctor wore. The mask also included red glass eyepieces, which were thought to make the wearer impervious to evil. The beak of the mask was often filled with strongly aromatic herbs and spices to overpower the miasmas or “bad air” which was also thought to carry the plague. At the very least, it may have dulled the smell of unburied corpses, sputum, and ruptured bouboules in plague victims.

• A long, black overcoat. The overcoat worn by the plague doctor was tucked in behind the beak mask at the neckline to minimize skin exposure. It extended to the feet, and was often coated head to toe in suet or wax. A coating of suet may have been used with the thought that the plague could be drawn away from the flesh of the infected victim and either trapped by the suet, or repelled by the wax. The coating of wax likely served as protection against respiratory droplet contamination, but it was not known at the time if coughing carried the plague. It was likely that the overcoat was waxed to simply prevent sputum or other bodily fluids from clinging to it.

• A wooden cane. The cane was used to both direct family members to move the patient, other individuals nearby, and possibly to examine patients without directly touching them.

• Leather breeches. Similar to waders worn by fishermen, leather breeches were worn beneath the cloak to protect the legs and groin from infection. Since the plague often tended to manifest itself first in the lymph nodes, particular attention was paid to protecting the armpits, neck, and groin. It is not known how often or widespread plague doctors were, or how effective they were in treatment of the disease. It’s likely that while offering some protection to the wearer, they may have actually contributed more to the spreading of the disease than its treatment, in that the plague doctor unknowingly served as a vector for infected fleas to move from host to host.

(Plague doctor info gleaned from Wikipedia.  Pictures collected from random sources, especially Deviantart.)

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